(1483 – 1546) Martin Luther
was a German priest,
Dominican monk, and professor of theology who is attributed with
starting the Protestant Reformation. He strongly disputed the
claim that freedom from God's punishment of sin could be purchased
with money. He confronted Johann Tetzel, a special papal envoy
sent to Germany to sell indulgences. He is said to have nailed his
Ninety-Five Theses to the church door in Wittenberg in 1517 in
order to confront several teachings of the Church. He refused to
recant from his teachings and writings at the Diet of Worms in
1521. Pope Leo X excommunicated him following his refusal and he
became an outlaw by decree of the Emperor.
Luther's major teachings are still found in Protestant teachings
Sola Fide - salvation cannot be earned by good deeds
but is a free gift of God's grace through faith in Jesus Christ.
Sola Scriptura - he taught that the bible is the only
source of divinely revealed knowledge excluding the papal
Pristhood of all Believers - all baptized
Christians are priests. There is no need for a mediator
(confessional priest) to confess sins to God.
He also translated the Bible into his German dialect that later
become known as "high German" while he was in hiding. His
hymns influenced the development of singing songs in church with
contemporary melodies (some of them having apparently been bar
Lord God of hosts, the Refuge of every sinner and the Strength of all who put their
trust in you, we praise you for having made us partakers of the blessings of your
Reformation. Without any merit on our part, you have sent your Holy Spirit into our hearts
and brought us to faith in your dear Son, Jesus Christ. You have made known to us the
perfect merit of Christ. You have directed our faith to rest on the exceedingly great and
precious promises of your Gospel. You have revealed the beauty of your grace, which
rescued us from a just condemnation and assured us of certain salvation in Christ. Grant
us your grace that we may receive your
forgiveness with thanksgiving. Use
us as your witnesses in bringing the message of pardon in Christ to people everywhere.
Open our eyes to a better understanding of your Word and a deeper appreciation of your
grace that our faith in Christ Jesus may grow and flourish with the fruits of righteous
A Reformation Day Blessing
Almighty God, gracious Lord, we thank you for preserving your holy church throughout
the ages. For the gift of the blessed gospel we praise your name. For the forgiveness of
sins, the resurrection from the dead and life eternal in Christ, we thank you, loving
Father. We treasure the rich heritage handed down from our fathers in the faith. Hear our
prayer which we ask in the name of your Son, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy
Spirit, one God, through all eternity. Amen.
A Mighty Fortress
By Grace I'm Saved
The Church of Christ, in Every Age
The Church's One Foundation
Through Jesus' Blood and Merit
My Hope is Built
The Gospel Shows the Father's Grace
Love Divine, All Loves Excelling
God's Word is our Great Heritage
Faith of Our Fathers
Lord, keep us steadfast in Your Word
God's Word is Our Great Heritage
O God, O Lord of Heaven and Earth
Onward Christian Soldiers
"Hallow", in Old English, means "holy" or "sacred."
Therefore, "Hallows' Eve," or "Halloween" simply means "the
evening of holy persons" and refers to the evening before All Saints Day, which is
this day, November 1 on both Anglican and Catholic calendars. In the early years when Rome
persecuted Christians, so many martyrs died for their faith, that the Church set aside
special days to honor them. For example, in 607 Emperor Phocas presented to the Pope the
beautiful Roman Pantheon temple (see picture at top of page). The Pope quickly removed the
statues of Jupiter and the pagan gods and consecrated the Pantheon to "all
saints" who had died from Roman persecution in the first three hundred years after
Christ. Their bones were brought from other graves and placed in the rededicated Pantheon
In the next century, All Saints Day was changed by Pope Gregory III to today's date--
November l. In the 10th century, Abbot Odela of the Cluny monastery added the next
day--November 2nd--as "All Souls" Day" to honor not just the martyrs, but
all Christians who had died. People prayed for the dead, but many unchristian
superstitions also were continued. Food was often offered to the dead--as it had been in
pagan times. It was also believed that on these two days, souls in purgatory would take
the form of witches, toads, or demons and haunt persons who had wronged them during their
As happens so often in Church history, sacred Christian festivals can absorb so many
pagan customs that they lose their significance as Christian holidays. But think of it
positively. Who are your favorite heroes in Christian History? Can you think of any whose
example has inspired you? Why not use this All Saint's Day to think of and give thanks for
as many Christians from the past that you know about, whether they are famous or not,
whose lives have contributed something to yours.
A Responsive Call to Worship for All Saints Day
Pastor: We remember, O God People: The countless saints of history who have blazed a trail of courage through
Pastor: We remember, O God People: The tender touch of loved ones, the example of heroes, the healing words of
comforters, the remarkable acts of fearless ones.
Pastor: We remember, O God People: The gentle strength of grandmothers, the loyalty of friends, the kindness of
strangers, the joy of children, the sacrifice of parents.
Pastor: We remember, O God People: The supreme love of Jesus, the blessing of his Spirit, the reminder of his
words, the sharing of his suffering, the glory of his resurrection: shown forth in the
lives of his disciples, young and old, dead and living, articulate and silent, strange and
familiar, brilliant and ordinary.
Pastor: We remember in every time and place the saints of God who have shown us the Lord.
ALL: SINCE WE ARE SURROUNDED BY SO GREAT A CLOUD OF WITNESSES... LET US WORSHIP GOD WITH
Songs for All Saints Day:
For All the Saints
For All Your Saints, O Lord
Rejoice, the Lord is King
Forward Through the Ages
Rise, O Children of Salvation
Faith of our Fathers
The Church's One Foundation
Rejoice in God's Saints
By All Your Saints in Warfare
As Saints of Old Their Firstfruits Brought
Come, Let Us Join Our Friends Above
I Sing a Song of the Saints of God
Baptized Into Your Name Most Holy
Shall We Gather At the River
Wash, O God, Our Sons and Daughters
You Have Put on Christ
Child of Blessing, Child of Promise
Blessed Assurance—A Reformation Message
A sermon for Reformation Day
based on Hebrew 11:1-2; Philippians 3:4-14 Rev. Frank Schaefer
1 Now faith is confidence in what we
hope for and assurance about what we do not see. 2 This is
what the ancients were commended for.
3 By faith we understand that the universe was formed at
God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was
4 though I myself have reasons for such confidence.
If someone else thinks they have reasons to put confidence in the
flesh, I have more: 5 circumcised on the
eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew
of Hebrews; in regard to the law, a Pharisee; 6
as for zeal, persecuting the church; as for righteousness based on the
7 But whatever were gains to me I now
consider loss for the sake of Christ. 8
What is more, I consider everything a loss because of the surpassing
worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all
things. I consider them garbage, that I may gain Christ
9 and be found in him, not having a
righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is
through faith in Christ—the righteousness that comes from God on the
basis of faith. 10 I want to know
Christ—yes, to know the power of his resurrection and participation in
his sufferings, becoming like him in his death,
11 and so, somehow, attaining to the resurrection from the dead.
12 Not that I have already obtained all
this, or have already arrived at my goal, but I press on to take hold of
that for which Christ Jesus took hold of me. 13
Brothers and sisters, I do not consider myself yet to have taken hold of
it. But one thing I do: Forgetting what is behind and straining toward
what is ahead, 14 I press on toward the
goal to win the prize for which God has called me heavenward in Christ
we celebrate the 489th anniversary of the birth of Protestant
church. It was in 1521 that Martin Luther stood firm in front of the
papal envoy as well as the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire at the Diet
The words he spoke on that eve of the
Protestant church are still ringing loud and proud: I will not and
cannot recant of my words; it is neither safe nor right to go against
one’s conscience; Here I stand, I can do no other, so help me God!
What is so remarkable was that Luther
knew fully well that his bold stand would likely result in
excommunication and execution. In fact, on that day he was
excommunicated by the pope and the emperor declared him an outlaw.
What was Luther’s crime? He believed in
the Scriptures as the only authoritative word of God and by that
challenged the power of the pope (whose decrees were held to be just as
inspired as the bible)
Luther also opposed the church on other
grounds, such as his experience of salvation by faith rather than works,
and he most definitely opposed the selling of indulgences—pardons from
hellfire for a donor’s relatives.
We as Protestant Christians celebrate
Reformation Sunday not only because of our history but also for what we
are privileged to believe in.
Sometimes the main Protestants beliefs
are summed up with the teaching of the “five solas.” They are identified
Scriptura –Scripture only
Sola Fide –by faith alone Sola Gratia – by grace alone Solo Christo— through Christ alone Soli Deo Gloria—glory to God alone
There’s not enough time to expound on
every single point, so I thought I’d rather focus on the one principle
that Protestants celebrate and that really sets Protestants apart from
the Roman/Orthodox Church: the assurance of faith doctrine.
One of the Scriptures often quoted by
Protestants is from Hebrews 11 which defines faith as an assurance of
salvation: “Now faith is confidence in what we hope for and assurance
about what we do not see.”
Luther even translated the phrase with “eine
gewisse Zuversicht,” that is, “a certain confidence.”
Many Protestant believers describe this
certain confidence as an inner witness of the Holy Spirit which allows
the justified disciple to know they are saved.
The Apostle Paul certainly also received
such an assurance of his salvation during his conversion experience as
described in the book of Acts.
We can find a similar description of
such assurance in the writings of many church fathers, most notable in
the “Confessions” by St. Augustine of Hippo.
The biggest criticism of the Protestant
“assurance doctrine” is that it has the tendency to make believers
complacent. Why would they continue to do good works if salvation is
already in their pocket? Scripture passages such as those from the
epistle of James support this notion: “Thus also faith by itself, if it
does not have works, is dead. (James 2:17)
I think deep down, most every Christian
would agree that both aspects of salvation are very important, faith and
keeping the law (which includes doing good works).
I think, even the apostle Paul in our
text from Philippians had a role for keeping the law / human works in
his concept of salvation. I think we need to see the context into which
he is writing to understand what he means.
First, we need to understand that he
came from a background where keeping the Mosaic law was considered
In Verse 6 we hear him say: “…as for
righteousness based on the law, [I was] faultless.”
Paul, before becoming a Christian,
living as a Jew, never broke the law! That’s remarkable. Just as
remarkable as the rich young ruler who came to Jesus asking about
salvation and telling Jesus: I have kept all of the law, all my life!
However, even keeping the whole law of
God, did not prevent him from doing something terribly wrong: he
persecuted the church (“as for zeal, persecuting the church” V6)
So, in Paul’s experience, even keeping
the whole law all his life did not lead him to salvation.
Paul does not want to discredit good
works or God’s law; the purpose for his writing is to teach the church
at Philippi an important lesson:
His intent is to correct an arrogant attitude some of the folks had.
They were bragging about their righteous works and thought that they had
earned their salvation. They thought they were better than others.
That’s why Paul opens this passage by
saying: if anyone has reason to brag, it would be me. I have kept the
whole law. But that’s not what ultimately saved Paul. He was saved by
God’s grace, by faith that came after his eyes were opened by Christ
himself. Now, that puts things in perspective. Don’t brag about earning
your salvation, Paul says, rather do good works, keep the law, run the
race based on the strength that comes from being saved by faith.
As a good Protestant, it makes sense to
me to have assurance of faith and still wanting to keep the law. I want
to do good works for my Lord, who has done everything for me. I don’t
need any other motivation, and I certainly do not need the fear of
losing my salvation in order to do them. That's how I understand Sola
Fide--saved by faith alone.
One of the original reformers in the 16th
century used an analogy that I find very helpful in this regard: that of
a fruit tree:
Before a tree can be productive and bear
fruit it must grow into a healthy and strong tree. Once the roots are
deeply established the fruit is a natural outgrowth much like good works
and an adherence to God’s law comes naturally to those who have been
saved and made into a new creation by God.
Good works, God’s law are very important
aspects of our faith, but to Protestants the assurance of faith is
certain and primary. In this theology we avoid the pitfall of becoming
modern-day Pharisees while at the same time giving credit where credit
is due: to our Creator God, our Savior and Redeemer.
Praise be to God who continues to draw
all men unto him, who reveals his plan of salvation to us. And let’s
not forget: He who began the good work of faith in us will be faithful
to complete it until the day of his glorious return. Amen